Taiichi Ohno – Japanese engineer, the father of Toyota Production System
The 7 types of wastes are universal, can be applied to all kinds of businesses. However, the concept was originally applied to manufacturing, especially to car manufacturing. It may differ in case of service providing activities. When applying to any particular industries these types of wastes can vary. It has to be translated to the particular setting of different industries and different kinds of operations. This concept of the typology of waste has been extensively studied by many researchers from all around the world, such as Peter Hines from Lean Enterprise Research Centre (UK) and Daniel T. Jones and James P. Womack (authors of the bestselling book: Lean Thinking). Different researchers modified the concept of 7 wastes to fit into particular business environments.
Most of the high-performing organizations are generative cultures, the pathological and bureaucratic organizations are lagging behind them.
EXAMPLE of a Value Stream Map
Recommended book on planning:
CHANGE is a broad concept. So much more could be written about it. The above ideas are just a few examples on techniques that can be used in designing change. The process of change had it’s own literature, libraries are written on the topic. If you want to dig a little deeper in it I recommend a few useful books below.
However, in the world of business Ford was a very “special case”. The overwhelming majority of the businesses was not able to create the conditions that Ford was facing, not in his days and especially not today. Nowadays we’re facing very different conditions, technologically, environmentally and most importantly customers have very different expectations. If someone tries to initiate Ford’s approach he will build his business on unsustainable foundations.
What kinds of problems even Ford couldn’t solve?
“The Toyota style is not to create results by working hard. It is a system that says there is no limit to people’s creativity. People don’t go to Toyota to ‘work’ they go there to ‘think’.”
A few brief words about TPS’s environment and problems it was facing
Emeritus Professor Stéphane Garelli – Why you will probably live longer than most big companies
Harvard Business Review – The Scary Truth About Corporate Survival
CNBC Michael Sheetz – Technology killing off corporate America: Average life span of companies under 20 years
Mc Kinsey and Company – Traditional company, new businesses: The pairing that can ensure an incumbent’s survival
STEPS OF DEFINING TAKT TIME
Using TPM means shifting from a problem-solving mindset to a problem preventing one. —> Not waiting until equipment brakes down. Instead: scheduling regular checks and maintaining an uninterrupted flow.
HOW TO MANAGE INCREASINGLY COMPLEX TASKS MORE EASILY AND EASILY?
I’ll demonstrate this with an example: Think about a transportation company. What activities have to be carried on for the company to being able to operate profitably?
Benefits of SMED:
Definitely not. But definitely worth trying!
QUALITY CONTROL (QC)
5 WHYs technique
Ohno’s example on 5 WHYs technique: